Radon is a cancer-causing radioactive gas that can be found in any home. It comes from decomposed uranium found in soil and can move freely until it escapes into the atmosphere, where it is diluted to make it harmless.
However, if it is released into enclosed and poorly ventilated spaces, such as basements, crawlspaces, and through cracks in the walls or floors, the concentration can be high enough to cause damage to your health. In fact, it is one of the leading causes of lung cancer in the US.
Getting Your Home Tested
Because you can't see, smell, or taste radon, the only way to know if your property is contaminated is to have it tested. If you are planning to buy a house in Salt Lake City, it is important to hire professionals to inspect the house and perform thorough radon testing. There are several types of tests, some of which involve the use of passive or active kits.
Passive kits are the most common form of radon testing, as they are inexpensive and available in long or short-term models. They also do not require power to function and are easy to use, so there are quite a few do-it-yourself options, such as charcoal, alpha-track, and radon detector.
Passive kits need power to function and require trained, state-certified professional testers. These devices will continuously monitor and record the amount of radon in the air in your home and provide you with a report that can reveal any abnormal fluctuations in the radon level. The professional operating the device will explain the results to you.
It's important to note that radon levels may vary on a daily basis. Long-term tests will remain in your home for more than 90 days and can give you the annual average radon level in the property. If you need quick results then a short-term test is the best option for you.