For homes, foundations and footings function similarly as the legs and feet of the human body. Footings secure your house to the ground and hold up the foundation, which supports the weight of the entire house.
Foundation contractors such as bouldercontractors.com say there are three primary types of foundation. Here are some of the basic facts you should know about them:
Commonly poured at grade level, this type of foundation is simply a concrete slab. This functions as the subfloor of the primary living space for your home.
Most homes in warm regions with high water tables utilize this. If homeowners in northern climates prefer this, they would need to have the builder set up a special frost-proofing element. In most cases, this comprises a stem wall, which is a short foundation poured on footings set underneath the frost line.
Even though you can find full basements in several locations, residents in the northeast tend to expect it. A full basement comprises of footings set deep beneath the frost depth of the region. It also consists of eight-foot-high walls that surround a four-inch-thick spewed concrete slab.
Basement finishing is becoming a great trend since residents transform these spaces into entertainment centers, recreational rooms or gyms.
In some parts of the midwest and southeast, crawlspaces are pretty common. The majority of these have foundation vent openings, which supposedly can stop the accumulation of excess moisture.
Scientists suggest insulating and sealing the crawlspace. They also recommend wrapping the ground with a concrete slab or a polyethene vapor barrier.
Being more aware of the type of foundation your builder is incorporating will help you determine the differences between each. It will also help you understand why your builder chose it specifically.